Turkey has been called ‘the cradle of civilization’ and tourists will understand better what this idiom means whilst travelling around these historic lands. Catalhoyuk was the first proto-city settlement of Neolithic Period, dating back to 6500 B.C. From Catalhoyuk up to now, Turkey has been home to a rich culture that has effected modern civilizations for centuries. Housing, agriculture, animal breeding and trade were organised in a modern and systematic way, Turkey haslong been a centre of knowledge and culture fed by the heritage of cultures such as Hattis, Hittites, Carians, Lelegians, Phrygians, Urartians, Lycian, Lydians, Ions, Dorians, Aeolians, Persians, Macedonians, Romans, Byzantines, Seljukians and the Ottoman Empire.These have all at one time resided in Anatolia and contributed to the history of it. Moreover, unique features of each civilization can be seen through historical places and ruins. Whilst driving, you are often able to come across an old settlement belonging to the aforementioned civilizations within half an hour.
Even in ancient times, this magnificencence of the country was widely loved and respected, and thus it was named ANATOLIA. The origin of this word means ‘the lands where the sun rises’ in the Greek language, a great many vital first ideas having blossomed in this fertile soil. Without doubt, the peoples living in these lands have become proud to live in this peninsula in which such variety of cultures, traditions and customs have come together.
Once again, this area receives new cultures and people with open arms as a result ofmodern laws that allow foreign visitors to buy real estate. Turkey is a country with a 99% Muslim population. However, its secular system (meaning the separation of religion and government) provides freedom of religious belief for non-Muslims. A number of churches and synagogues also serve in the areas where local populations are mostly non-Muslim. In recent years, Turkey has become an important destination for tourists in Europe. As a result of developments in summer and winter tourism, a greater than ever number of people in the world are experiencing the history, culture and beauty of Turkey. Turkey provides a rich variety of activity for tourists, from swimming in the Mediterranean to skiing in Uludag. Turkish cuisine is is one of the most popular and admired in the world. The variety of tastes and cuisine methods are matched by the richness of table settings.Turkey takes part in limited number of countries in the world with an economy that is developing rapidly but in a balanced way.
With its geopolitical position located at the intersection point of the Asian, European and African continents, Turkey is one of the most strategically important countries in the world. Besides its cultural importance among Eastern and Western civilizations, Turkey is the only bridge for all religions of the world. Being a member of a listed variety of foundations like United Nations, Council of Europe, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, World Trade Organization (WTO), Organization of the Islamic Conference, Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC), Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO), Turkey has additionally begun membership negotiations for the European Union (EU).